view MoinMoin/support/passlib/utils/des.py @ 6008:d72a5e95c7c0

upgrade bundled passlib to 1.6.2
author Thomas Waldmann <tw AT waldmann-edv DOT de>
date Sun, 05 Jan 2014 02:43:02 +0100
parents efd7c0be3339
children 86a41c2bedec
line wrap: on
line source
"""passlib.utils.des -- DES block encryption routines

History
=======
These routines (which have since been drastically modified for python)
are based on a Java implementation of the des-crypt algorithm,
found at `<http://www.dynamic.net.au/christos/crypt/UnixCrypt2.txt>`_.

The copyright & license for that source is as follows::

    UnixCrypt.java 0.9 96/11/25
    Copyright (c) 1996 Aki Yoshida. All rights reserved.
    Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software
    for non-commercial or commercial purposes and without fee is
    hereby granted provided that this copyright notice appears in
    all copies.

    ---

    Unix crypt(3C) utility
    @version 0.9, 11/25/96
    @author  Aki Yoshida

    ---

    modified April 2001
    by Iris Van den Broeke, Daniel Deville

    ---
    Unix Crypt.
    Implements the one way cryptography used by Unix systems for
    simple password protection.
    @version $Id: UnixCrypt2.txt,v 1.1.1.1 2005/09/13 22:20:13 christos Exp $
    @author Greg Wilkins (gregw)

The netbsd des-crypt implementation has some nice notes on how this all works -
    http://fxr.googlebit.com/source/lib/libcrypt/crypt.c?v=NETBSD-CURRENT
"""

# TODO: could use an accelerated C version of this module to speed up lmhash,
#       des-crypt, and ext-des-crypt

#=============================================================================
# imports
#=============================================================================
# core
import struct
# pkg
from passlib import exc
from passlib.utils.compat import bytes, join_byte_values, byte_elem_value, \
                                 b, irange, irange, int_types
from passlib.utils import deprecated_function
# local
__all__ = [
    "expand_des_key",
    "des_encrypt_block",
    "mdes_encrypt_int_block",
]

#=============================================================================
# constants
#=============================================================================

# masks/upper limits for various integer sizes
INT_24_MASK = 0xffffff
INT_56_MASK = 0xffffffffffffff
INT_64_MASK = 0xffffffffffffffff

# mask to clear parity bits from 64-bit key
_KDATA_MASK = 0xfefefefefefefefe
_KPARITY_MASK = 0x0101010101010101

# mask used to setup key schedule
_KS_MASK = 0xfcfcfcfcffffffff

#=============================================================================
# static DES tables
#=============================================================================

# placeholders filled in by _load_tables()
PCXROT = IE3264 = SPE = CF6464 = None

def _load_tables():
    "delay loading tables until they are actually needed"
    global PCXROT, IE3264, SPE, CF6464

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # Initial key schedule permutation
    # PC1ROT - bit reverse, then PC1, then Rotate, then PC2
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # NOTE: this was reordered from original table to make perm3264 logic simpler
    PC1ROT=(
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002000,
      0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000002020, 0x0000000000002020,
      0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000002400, 0x0000000000002400,
      0x0000000000000420, 0x0000000000000420, 0x0000000000002420, 0x0000000000002420, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x2000000000000000, 0x0000000400000000, 0x2000000400000000,
      0x0000800000000000, 0x2000800000000000, 0x0000800400000000, 0x2000800400000000,
      0x0008000000000000, 0x2008000000000000, 0x0008000400000000, 0x2008000400000000,
      0x0008800000000000, 0x2008800000000000, 0x0008800400000000, 0x2008800400000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000040, 0x0000000000000040,
      0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000020000040, 0x0000000020000040,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200040, 0x0000000000200040,
      0x0000000020200000, 0x0000000020200000, 0x0000000020200040, 0x0000000020200040, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0002000000000000, 0x0800000000000000, 0x0802000000000000,
      0x0100000000000000, 0x0102000000000000, 0x0900000000000000, 0x0902000000000000,
      0x4000000000000000, 0x4002000000000000, 0x4800000000000000, 0x4802000000000000,
      0x4100000000000000, 0x4102000000000000, 0x4900000000000000, 0x4902000000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000040000, 0x0000000000040000,
      0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020000040000, 0x0000020000040000,
      0x0000000000000004, 0x0000000000000004, 0x0000000000040004, 0x0000000000040004,
      0x0000020000000004, 0x0000020000000004, 0x0000020000040004, 0x0000020000040004, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000400000000000, 0x0200000000000000, 0x0200400000000000,
      0x0080000000000000, 0x0080400000000000, 0x0280000000000000, 0x0280400000000000,
      0x0000008000000000, 0x0000408000000000, 0x0200008000000000, 0x0200408000000000,
      0x0080008000000000, 0x0080408000000000, 0x0280008000000000, 0x0280408000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000010000000, 0x0000000010000000,
      0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000010001000, 0x0000000010001000,
      0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000050000000, 0x0000000050000000,
      0x0000000040001000, 0x0000000040001000, 0x0000000050001000, 0x0000000050001000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000001000000000, 0x0000080000000000, 0x0000081000000000,
      0x1000000000000000, 0x1000001000000000, 0x1000080000000000, 0x1000081000000000,
      0x0004000000000000, 0x0004001000000000, 0x0004080000000000, 0x0004081000000000,
      0x1004000000000000, 0x1004001000000000, 0x1004080000000000, 0x1004081000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000080, 0x0000000000000080,
      0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080080, 0x0000000000080080,
      0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800080, 0x0000000000800080,
      0x0000000000880000, 0x0000000000880000, 0x0000000000880080, 0x0000000000880080, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000008000000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x0000002008000000,
      0x0000100000000000, 0x0000100008000000, 0x0000102000000000, 0x0000102008000000,
      0x0000200000000000, 0x0000200008000000, 0x0000202000000000, 0x0000202008000000,
      0x0000300000000000, 0x0000300008000000, 0x0000302000000000, 0x0000302008000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000400000, 0x0000000000400000,
      0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004400000, 0x0000000004400000,
      0x0000000000000800, 0x0000000000000800, 0x0000000000400800, 0x0000000000400800,
      0x0000000004000800, 0x0000000004000800, 0x0000000004400800, 0x0000000004400800, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000008000, 0x0040000000000000, 0x0040000000008000,
      0x0000004000000000, 0x0000004000008000, 0x0040004000000000, 0x0040004000008000,
      0x8000000000000000, 0x8000000000008000, 0x8040000000000000, 0x8040000000008000,
      0x8000004000000000, 0x8000004000008000, 0x8040004000000000, 0x8040004000008000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000004000, 0x0000000000004000,
      0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000004008, 0x0000000000004008,
      0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000004010, 0x0000000000004010,
      0x0000000000000018, 0x0000000000000018, 0x0000000000004018, 0x0000000000004018, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000200000000, 0x0001000000000000, 0x0001000200000000,
      0x0400000000000000, 0x0400000200000000, 0x0401000000000000, 0x0401000200000000,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x0020000200000000, 0x0021000000000000, 0x0021000200000000,
      0x0420000000000000, 0x0420000200000000, 0x0421000000000000, 0x0421000200000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000010000000000, 0x0000010000000000,
      0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000010100000000, 0x0000010100000000,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000100000, 0x0000010000100000, 0x0000010000100000,
      0x0000000100100000, 0x0000000100100000, 0x0000010100100000, 0x0000010100100000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000080000000, 0x0000040000000000, 0x0000040080000000,
      0x0010000000000000, 0x0010000080000000, 0x0010040000000000, 0x0010040080000000,
      0x0000000800000000, 0x0000000880000000, 0x0000040800000000, 0x0000040880000000,
      0x0010000800000000, 0x0010000880000000, 0x0010040800000000, 0x0010040880000000, ),
        )
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # Subsequent key schedule rotation permutations
    # PC2ROT - PC2 inverse, then Rotate, then PC2
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # NOTE: this was reordered from original table to make perm3264 logic simpler
    PC2ROTA=(
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200000,
      0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004000000,
      0x0000000004200000, 0x0000000004200000, 0x0000000004200000, 0x0000000004200000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000800, 0x0000010000000000, 0x0000010000000800,
      0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002800, 0x0000010000002000, 0x0000010000002800,
      0x0000000010000000, 0x0000000010000800, 0x0000010010000000, 0x0000010010000800,
      0x0000000010002000, 0x0000000010002800, 0x0000010010002000, 0x0000010010002800, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000000,
      0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800000,
      0x0000000100800000, 0x0000000100800000, 0x0000000100800000, 0x0000000100800000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000020000000000, 0x0000000080000000, 0x0000020080000000,
      0x0000000000400000, 0x0000020000400000, 0x0000000080400000, 0x0000020080400000,
      0x0000000008000000, 0x0000020008000000, 0x0000000088000000, 0x0000020088000000,
      0x0000000008400000, 0x0000020008400000, 0x0000000088400000, 0x0000020088400000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000000040, 0x0000000000000040, 0x0000000000000040, 0x0000000000000040,
      0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000,
      0x0000000000001040, 0x0000000000001040, 0x0000000000001040, 0x0000000000001040, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000410,
      0x0000000000000080, 0x0000000000000090, 0x0000000000000480, 0x0000000000000490,
      0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000010, 0x0000000040000400, 0x0000000040000410,
      0x0000000040000080, 0x0000000040000090, 0x0000000040000480, 0x0000000040000490, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000100000,
      0x0000000000180000, 0x0000000000180000, 0x0000000000180000, 0x0000000000180000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000040000, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000040020,
      0x0000000000000004, 0x0000000000040004, 0x0000000000000024, 0x0000000000040024,
      0x0000000200000000, 0x0000000200040000, 0x0000000200000020, 0x0000000200040020,
      0x0000000200000004, 0x0000000200040004, 0x0000000200000024, 0x0000000200040024, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000008000, 0x0000000000008008,
      0x0010000000000000, 0x0010000000000008, 0x0010000000008000, 0x0010000000008008,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x0020000000000008, 0x0020000000008000, 0x0020000000008008,
      0x0030000000000000, 0x0030000000000008, 0x0030000000008000, 0x0030000000008008, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000400000000000, 0x0000080000000000, 0x0000480000000000,
      0x0000100000000000, 0x0000500000000000, 0x0000180000000000, 0x0000580000000000,
      0x4000000000000000, 0x4000400000000000, 0x4000080000000000, 0x4000480000000000,
      0x4000100000000000, 0x4000500000000000, 0x4000180000000000, 0x4000580000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000004000, 0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000020004000,
      0x0001000000000000, 0x0001000000004000, 0x0001000020000000, 0x0001000020004000,
      0x0200000000000000, 0x0200000000004000, 0x0200000020000000, 0x0200000020004000,
      0x0201000000000000, 0x0201000000004000, 0x0201000020000000, 0x0201000020004000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x1000000000000000, 0x0004000000000000, 0x1004000000000000,
      0x0002000000000000, 0x1002000000000000, 0x0006000000000000, 0x1006000000000000,
      0x0000000800000000, 0x1000000800000000, 0x0004000800000000, 0x1004000800000000,
      0x0002000800000000, 0x1002000800000000, 0x0006000800000000, 0x1006000800000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0040000000000000, 0x2000000000000000, 0x2040000000000000,
      0x0000008000000000, 0x0040008000000000, 0x2000008000000000, 0x2040008000000000,
      0x0000001000000000, 0x0040001000000000, 0x2000001000000000, 0x2040001000000000,
      0x0000009000000000, 0x0040009000000000, 0x2000009000000000, 0x2040009000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0400000000000000, 0x8000000000000000, 0x8400000000000000,
      0x0000002000000000, 0x0400002000000000, 0x8000002000000000, 0x8400002000000000,
      0x0100000000000000, 0x0500000000000000, 0x8100000000000000, 0x8500000000000000,
      0x0100002000000000, 0x0500002000000000, 0x8100002000000000, 0x8500002000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000800000000000, 0x0800000000000000, 0x0800800000000000,
      0x0000004000000000, 0x0000804000000000, 0x0800004000000000, 0x0800804000000000,
      0x0000000400000000, 0x0000800400000000, 0x0800000400000000, 0x0800800400000000,
      0x0000004400000000, 0x0000804400000000, 0x0800004400000000, 0x0800804400000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0080000000000000, 0x0000040000000000, 0x0080040000000000,
      0x0008000000000000, 0x0088000000000000, 0x0008040000000000, 0x0088040000000000,
      0x0000200000000000, 0x0080200000000000, 0x0000240000000000, 0x0080240000000000,
      0x0008200000000000, 0x0088200000000000, 0x0008240000000000, 0x0088240000000000, ),
        )

    # NOTE: this was reordered from original table to make perm3264 logic simpler
    PC2ROTB=(
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000400,
      0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080000,
      0x0000000000080400, 0x0000000000080400, 0x0000000000080400, 0x0000000000080400, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000004000, 0x0000000000804000,
      0x0000000080000000, 0x0000000080800000, 0x0000000080004000, 0x0000000080804000,
      0x0000000000040000, 0x0000000000840000, 0x0000000000044000, 0x0000000000844000,
      0x0000000080040000, 0x0000000080840000, 0x0000000080044000, 0x0000000080844000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000008,
      0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000000,
      0x0000000040000008, 0x0000000040000008, 0x0000000040000008, 0x0000000040000008, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000200000000, 0x0000000220000000,
      0x0000000000000080, 0x0000000020000080, 0x0000000200000080, 0x0000000220000080,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000020100000, 0x0000000200100000, 0x0000000220100000,
      0x0000000000100080, 0x0000000020100080, 0x0000000200100080, 0x0000000220100080, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002000,
      0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020000000000,
      0x0000020000002000, 0x0000020000002000, 0x0000020000002000, 0x0000020000002000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000800, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000800,
      0x0000000010000000, 0x0000000010000800, 0x0000000110000000, 0x0000000110000800,
      0x0000000000000004, 0x0000000000000804, 0x0000000100000004, 0x0000000100000804,
      0x0000000010000004, 0x0000000010000804, 0x0000000110000004, 0x0000000110000804, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001000,
      0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000000010,
      0x0000000000001010, 0x0000000000001010, 0x0000000000001010, 0x0000000000001010, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000040, 0x0000010000000000, 0x0000010000000040,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200040, 0x0000010000200000, 0x0000010000200040,
      0x0000000000008000, 0x0000000000008040, 0x0000010000008000, 0x0000010000008040,
      0x0000000000208000, 0x0000000000208040, 0x0000010000208000, 0x0000010000208040, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000008000000, 0x000000000c000000,
      0x0400000000000000, 0x0400000004000000, 0x0400000008000000, 0x040000000c000000,
      0x8000000000000000, 0x8000000004000000, 0x8000000008000000, 0x800000000c000000,
      0x8400000000000000, 0x8400000004000000, 0x8400000008000000, 0x840000000c000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0002000000000000, 0x0200000000000000, 0x0202000000000000,
      0x1000000000000000, 0x1002000000000000, 0x1200000000000000, 0x1202000000000000,
      0x0008000000000000, 0x000a000000000000, 0x0208000000000000, 0x020a000000000000,
      0x1008000000000000, 0x100a000000000000, 0x1208000000000000, 0x120a000000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000400000, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000400020,
      0x0040000000000000, 0x0040000000400000, 0x0040000000000020, 0x0040000000400020,
      0x0800000000000000, 0x0800000000400000, 0x0800000000000020, 0x0800000000400020,
      0x0840000000000000, 0x0840000000400000, 0x0840000000000020, 0x0840000000400020, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0080000000000000, 0x0000008000000000, 0x0080008000000000,
      0x2000000000000000, 0x2080000000000000, 0x2000008000000000, 0x2080008000000000,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x00a0000000000000, 0x0020008000000000, 0x00a0008000000000,
      0x2020000000000000, 0x20a0000000000000, 0x2020008000000000, 0x20a0008000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x0000040000000000, 0x0000042000000000,
      0x4000000000000000, 0x4000002000000000, 0x4000040000000000, 0x4000042000000000,
      0x0000400000000000, 0x0000402000000000, 0x0000440000000000, 0x0000442000000000,
      0x4000400000000000, 0x4000402000000000, 0x4000440000000000, 0x4000442000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000004000000000, 0x0000200000000000, 0x0000204000000000,
      0x0000080000000000, 0x0000084000000000, 0x0000280000000000, 0x0000284000000000,
      0x0000800000000000, 0x0000804000000000, 0x0000a00000000000, 0x0000a04000000000,
      0x0000880000000000, 0x0000884000000000, 0x0000a80000000000, 0x0000a84000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000800000000, 0x0000000400000000, 0x0000000c00000000,
      0x0000100000000000, 0x0000100800000000, 0x0000100400000000, 0x0000100c00000000,
      0x0010000000000000, 0x0010000800000000, 0x0010000400000000, 0x0010000c00000000,
      0x0010100000000000, 0x0010100800000000, 0x0010100400000000, 0x0010100c00000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0100000000000000, 0x0001000000000000, 0x0101000000000000,
      0x0000001000000000, 0x0100001000000000, 0x0001001000000000, 0x0101001000000000,
      0x0004000000000000, 0x0104000000000000, 0x0005000000000000, 0x0105000000000000,
      0x0004001000000000, 0x0104001000000000, 0x0005001000000000, 0x0105001000000000, ),
        )
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # PCXROT - PC1ROT, PC2ROTA, PC2ROTB listed in order
    # of the PC1 rotation schedule, as used by des_setkey
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    ##ROTATES = (1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1)
    ##PCXROT = (
    ##        PC1ROT,  PC2ROTA, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB,
    ##        PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB,
    ##        PC2ROTA, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB,
    ##        PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB, PC2ROTA,
    ##        )

    # NOTE: modified PCXROT to contain entrys broken into pairs,
    #       to help generate them in format best used by encoder.
    PCXROT = (
            (PC1ROT,  PC2ROTA), (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB),
            (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB), (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB),
            (PC2ROTA, PC2ROTB), (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB),
            (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTB), (PC2ROTB, PC2ROTA),
            )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # Bit reverse, intial permupation, expantion
    # Initial permutation/expansion table
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # NOTE: this was reordered from original table to make perm3264 logic simpler
    IE3264=(
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000800800, 0x0000000000008008, 0x0000000000808808,
      0x0000008008000000, 0x0000008008800800, 0x0000008008008008, 0x0000008008808808,
      0x0000000080080000, 0x0000000080880800, 0x0000000080088008, 0x0000000080888808,
      0x0000008088080000, 0x0000008088880800, 0x0000008088088008, 0x0000008088888808, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0080080000000000, 0x0000800800000000, 0x0080880800000000,
      0x0800000000000080, 0x0880080000000080, 0x0800800800000080, 0x0880880800000080,
      0x8008000000000000, 0x8088080000000000, 0x8008800800000000, 0x8088880800000000,
      0x8808000000000080, 0x8888080000000080, 0x8808800800000080, 0x8888880800000080, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000001010,
      0x0000000010000000, 0x0000000010001000, 0x0000000010000010, 0x0000000010001010,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000101000, 0x0000000000100010, 0x0000000000101010,
      0x0000000010100000, 0x0000000010101000, 0x0000000010100010, 0x0000000010101010, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000100000000000, 0x0000001000000000, 0x0000101000000000,
      0x1000000000000000, 0x1000100000000000, 0x1000001000000000, 0x1000101000000000,
      0x0010000000000000, 0x0010100000000000, 0x0010001000000000, 0x0010101000000000,
      0x1010000000000000, 0x1010100000000000, 0x1010001000000000, 0x1010101000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000002020,
      0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000020002000, 0x0000000020000020, 0x0000000020002020,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000202000, 0x0000000000200020, 0x0000000000202020,
      0x0000000020200000, 0x0000000020202000, 0x0000000020200020, 0x0000000020202020, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000200000000000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x0000202000000000,
      0x2000000000000000, 0x2000200000000000, 0x2000002000000000, 0x2000202000000000,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x0020200000000000, 0x0020002000000000, 0x0020202000000000,
      0x2020000000000000, 0x2020200000000000, 0x2020002000000000, 0x2020202000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000004004, 0x0400000000000040, 0x0400000000004044,
      0x0000000040040000, 0x0000000040044004, 0x0400000040040040, 0x0400000040044044,
      0x0000000000400400, 0x0000000000404404, 0x0400000000400440, 0x0400000000404444,
      0x0000000040440400, 0x0000000040444404, 0x0400000040440440, 0x0400000040444444, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000400400000000, 0x0000004004000000, 0x0000404404000000,
      0x4004000000000000, 0x4004400400000000, 0x4004004004000000, 0x4004404404000000,
      0x0040040000000000, 0x0040440400000000, 0x0040044004000000, 0x0040444404000000,
      0x4044040000000000, 0x4044440400000000, 0x4044044004000000, 0x4044444404000000, ),
        )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # Table that combines the S, P, and E operations.
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    SPE=(
    ( 0x0080088008200000, 0x0000008008000000, 0x0000000000200020, 0x0080088008200020,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0080088008000020, 0x0000008008000020, 0x0000000000200020,
      0x0080088008000020, 0x0080088008200000, 0x0000008008200000, 0x0080080000000020,
      0x0080080000200020, 0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000008008000020,
      0x0000008008000000, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0080080000200000, 0x0080088008000000,
      0x0080088008200020, 0x0000008008200000, 0x0080080000000020, 0x0080080000200000,
      0x0000000000000020, 0x0080080000000000, 0x0080088008000000, 0x0000008008200020,
      0x0080080000000000, 0x0080080000200020, 0x0000008008200020, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0080088008200020, 0x0080080000200000, 0x0000008008000020,
      0x0080088008200000, 0x0000008008000000, 0x0080080000000020, 0x0080080000200000,
      0x0000008008200020, 0x0080080000000000, 0x0080088008000000, 0x0000000000200020,
      0x0080088008000020, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000200020, 0x0000008008200000,
      0x0080088008200020, 0x0080088008000000, 0x0000008008200000, 0x0080080000200020,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0080080000000020, 0x0000008008000020, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000008008000000, 0x0000000000200000, 0x0080080000200020, 0x0080088008200000,
      0x0000000000000020, 0x0000008008200020, 0x0080080000000000, 0x0080088008000020, ),
    ( 0x1000800810004004, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000800810000000, 0x0000000010004004,
      0x1000000000004004, 0x1000800800000000, 0x0000800800004004, 0x0000800810000000,
      0x0000800800000000, 0x1000000010004004, 0x1000000000000000, 0x0000800800004004,
      0x1000000010000000, 0x0000800810004004, 0x0000000010004004, 0x1000000000000000,
      0x0000000010000000, 0x1000800800004004, 0x1000000010004004, 0x0000800800000000,
      0x1000800810000000, 0x0000000000004004, 0x0000000000000000, 0x1000000010000000,
      0x1000800800004004, 0x1000800810000000, 0x0000800810004004, 0x1000000000004004,
      0x0000000000004004, 0x0000000010000000, 0x1000800800000000, 0x1000800810004004,
      0x1000000010000000, 0x0000800810004004, 0x0000800800004004, 0x1000800810000000,
      0x1000800810004004, 0x1000000010000000, 0x1000000000004004, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000004004, 0x1000800800000000, 0x0000000010000000, 0x1000000010004004,
      0x0000800800000000, 0x0000000000004004, 0x1000800810000000, 0x1000800800004004,
      0x0000800810004004, 0x0000800800000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x1000000000004004,
      0x1000000000000000, 0x1000800810004004, 0x0000800810000000, 0x0000000010004004,
      0x1000000010004004, 0x0000000010000000, 0x1000800800000000, 0x0000800800004004,
      0x1000800800004004, 0x1000000000000000, 0x0000000010004004, 0x0000800810000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000400410, 0x0010004004400400, 0x0010000000000000, 0x0010000000400410,
      0x0000004004000010, 0x0000000000400400, 0x0010000000400410, 0x0010004004000000,
      0x0010000000400400, 0x0000004004000000, 0x0000004004400400, 0x0000000000000010,
      0x0010004004400410, 0x0010000000000010, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000004004400410,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0000004004000010, 0x0010004004400400, 0x0010000000000000,
      0x0010000000000010, 0x0010004004400410, 0x0000004004000000, 0x0000000000400410,
      0x0000004004400410, 0x0010000000400400, 0x0010004004000010, 0x0000004004400400,
      0x0010004004000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000400400, 0x0010004004000010,
      0x0010004004400400, 0x0010000000000000, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000004004000000,
      0x0010000000000010, 0x0000004004000010, 0x0000004004400400, 0x0010000000400410,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0010004004400400, 0x0010004004000000, 0x0000004004400410,
      0x0000004004000010, 0x0000000000400400, 0x0010004004400410, 0x0000000000000010,
      0x0010004004000010, 0x0000000000400410, 0x0000000000400400, 0x0010004004400410,
      0x0000004004000000, 0x0010000000400400, 0x0010000000400410, 0x0010004004000000,
      0x0010000000400400, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000004004400410, 0x0010000000000010,
      0x0000000000400410, 0x0010004004000010, 0x0010000000000000, 0x0000004004400400, ),
    ( 0x0800100040040080, 0x0000100000001000, 0x0800000000000080, 0x0800100040041080,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000040041000, 0x0800100000001080, 0x0800000040040080,
      0x0000100040041000, 0x0800000000001080, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0800100000000080,
      0x0800000000001080, 0x0800100040040080, 0x0000000040040000, 0x0000000000001000,
      0x0800000040041080, 0x0000100040040000, 0x0000100000000000, 0x0800000000000080,
      0x0000100040040000, 0x0800100000001080, 0x0000000040041000, 0x0000100000000000,
      0x0800100000000080, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0800000040040080, 0x0000100040041000,
      0x0000100000001000, 0x0800000040041080, 0x0800100040041080, 0x0000000040040000,
      0x0800000040041080, 0x0800100000000080, 0x0000000040040000, 0x0800000000001080,
      0x0000100040040000, 0x0000100000001000, 0x0800000000000080, 0x0000000040041000,
      0x0800100000001080, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000100000000000, 0x0800000040040080,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0800000040041080, 0x0000100040041000, 0x0000100000000000,
      0x0000000000001000, 0x0800100040041080, 0x0800100040040080, 0x0000000040040000,
      0x0800100040041080, 0x0800000000000080, 0x0000100000001000, 0x0800100040040080,
      0x0800000040040080, 0x0000100040040000, 0x0000000040041000, 0x0800100000001080,
      0x0800100000000080, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0800000000001080, 0x0000100040041000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000800800, 0x0000001000000000, 0x0040040000000000, 0x2040041000800800,
      0x2000001000800800, 0x0040040000800800, 0x2040041000000000, 0x0000001000800800,
      0x0000001000000000, 0x2000000000000000, 0x2000000000800800, 0x0040041000000000,
      0x2040040000800800, 0x2000001000800800, 0x0040041000800800, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0040041000000000, 0x0000000000800800, 0x2000001000000000, 0x2040040000000000,
      0x0040040000800800, 0x2040041000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x2000000000800800,
      0x2000000000000000, 0x2040040000800800, 0x2040041000800800, 0x2000001000000000,
      0x0000001000800800, 0x0040040000000000, 0x2040040000000000, 0x0040041000800800,
      0x0040041000800800, 0x2040040000800800, 0x2000001000000000, 0x0000001000800800,
      0x0000001000000000, 0x2000000000000000, 0x2000000000800800, 0x0040040000800800,
      0x0000000000800800, 0x0040041000000000, 0x2040041000800800, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x2040041000000000, 0x0000000000800800, 0x0040040000000000, 0x2000001000000000,
      0x2040040000800800, 0x0040040000000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x2040041000800800,
      0x2000001000800800, 0x0040041000800800, 0x2040040000000000, 0x0000001000000000,
      0x0040041000000000, 0x2000001000800800, 0x0040040000800800, 0x2040040000000000,
      0x2000000000000000, 0x2040041000000000, 0x0000001000800800, 0x2000000000800800, ),
    ( 0x4004000000008008, 0x4004000020000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000200020008008,
      0x4004000020000000, 0x0000200000000000, 0x4004200000008008, 0x0000000020000000,
      0x4004200000000000, 0x4004200020008008, 0x0000200020000000, 0x0000000000008008,
      0x0000200000008008, 0x4004000000008008, 0x0000000020008008, 0x4004200020000000,
      0x0000000020000000, 0x4004200000008008, 0x4004000020008008, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000200000000000, 0x4004000000000000, 0x0000200020008008, 0x4004000020008008,
      0x4004200020008008, 0x0000000020008008, 0x0000000000008008, 0x4004200000000000,
      0x4004000000000000, 0x0000200020000000, 0x4004200020000000, 0x0000200000008008,
      0x4004200000000000, 0x0000000000008008, 0x0000200000008008, 0x4004200020000000,
      0x0000200020008008, 0x4004000020000000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000200000008008,
      0x0000000000008008, 0x0000200000000000, 0x4004000020008008, 0x0000000020000000,
      0x4004000020000000, 0x4004200020008008, 0x0000200020000000, 0x4004000000000000,
      0x4004200020008008, 0x0000200020000000, 0x0000000020000000, 0x4004200000008008,
      0x4004000000008008, 0x0000000020008008, 0x4004200020000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000200000000000, 0x4004000000008008, 0x4004200000008008, 0x0000200020008008,
      0x0000000020008008, 0x4004200000000000, 0x4004000000000000, 0x4004000020008008, ),
    ( 0x0000400400000000, 0x0020000000000000, 0x0020000000100000, 0x0400000000100040,
      0x0420400400100040, 0x0400400400000040, 0x0020400400000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0420000000100040, 0x0420000000000040, 0x0000400400100000,
      0x0400000000000040, 0x0020400400100000, 0x0000400400100000, 0x0420000000000040,
      0x0420000000100040, 0x0000400400000000, 0x0400400400000040, 0x0420400400100040,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0020000000100000, 0x0400000000100040, 0x0020400400000000,
      0x0400400400100040, 0x0420400400000040, 0x0020400400100000, 0x0400000000000040,
      0x0420400400000040, 0x0400400400100040, 0x0020000000000000, 0x0000000000100000,
      0x0420400400000040, 0x0000400400100000, 0x0400400400100040, 0x0420000000000040,
      0x0000400400000000, 0x0020000000000000, 0x0000000000100000, 0x0400400400100040,
      0x0420000000100040, 0x0420400400000040, 0x0020400400000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x0400000000100040, 0x0400000000000040, 0x0020000000100000,
      0x0000000000000000, 0x0420000000100040, 0x0020000000100000, 0x0020400400000000,
      0x0420000000000040, 0x0000400400000000, 0x0420400400100040, 0x0000000000100000,
      0x0020400400100000, 0x0400000000000040, 0x0400400400000040, 0x0420400400100040,
      0x0400000000100040, 0x0020400400100000, 0x0000400400100000, 0x0400400400000040, ),
    ( 0x8008000080082000, 0x0000002080082000, 0x8008002000000000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000002000002000, 0x8008000080080000, 0x0000000080082000, 0x8008002080082000,
      0x8008000000000000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000002080080000, 0x8008002000000000,
      0x8008002080080000, 0x8008002000002000, 0x8008000000002000, 0x0000000080082000,
      0x0000002000000000, 0x8008002080080000, 0x8008000080080000, 0x0000002000002000,
      0x8008002080082000, 0x8008000000002000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000002080080000,
      0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000080080000, 0x8008002000002000, 0x8008000080082000,
      0x0000000080080000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x0000002080082000, 0x8008000000000000,
      0x0000000080080000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x8008000000002000, 0x8008002080082000,
      0x8008002000000000, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000002080080000,
      0x8008000080082000, 0x8008002000002000, 0x0000002000002000, 0x8008000080080000,
      0x0000002080082000, 0x8008000000000000, 0x8008000080080000, 0x0000002000002000,
      0x8008002080082000, 0x0000000080080000, 0x0000000080082000, 0x8008000000002000,
      0x0000002080080000, 0x8008002000000000, 0x8008002000002000, 0x0000000080082000,
      0x8008000000000000, 0x0000002080082000, 0x8008002080080000, 0x0000000000000000,
      0x0000000000002000, 0x8008000080082000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x8008002080080000, ),
        )

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # compressed/interleaved => final permutation table
    # Compression, final permutation, bit reverse
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # NOTE: this was reordered from original table to make perm6464 logic simpler
    CF6464=(
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000002000000000, 0x0000200000000000, 0x0000202000000000,
      0x0020000000000000, 0x0020002000000000, 0x0020200000000000, 0x0020202000000000,
      0x2000000000000000, 0x2000002000000000, 0x2000200000000000, 0x2000202000000000,
      0x2020000000000000, 0x2020002000000000, 0x2020200000000000, 0x2020202000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000200000000, 0x0000020000000000, 0x0000020200000000,
      0x0002000000000000, 0x0002000200000000, 0x0002020000000000, 0x0002020200000000,
      0x0200000000000000, 0x0200000200000000, 0x0200020000000000, 0x0200020200000000,
      0x0202000000000000, 0x0202000200000000, 0x0202020000000000, 0x0202020200000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000020, 0x0000000000002000, 0x0000000000002020,
      0x0000000000200000, 0x0000000000200020, 0x0000000000202000, 0x0000000000202020,
      0x0000000020000000, 0x0000000020000020, 0x0000000020002000, 0x0000000020002020,
      0x0000000020200000, 0x0000000020200020, 0x0000000020202000, 0x0000000020202020, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000002, 0x0000000000000200, 0x0000000000000202,
      0x0000000000020000, 0x0000000000020002, 0x0000000000020200, 0x0000000000020202,
      0x0000000002000000, 0x0000000002000002, 0x0000000002000200, 0x0000000002000202,
      0x0000000002020000, 0x0000000002020002, 0x0000000002020200, 0x0000000002020202, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000008000000000, 0x0000800000000000, 0x0000808000000000,
      0x0080000000000000, 0x0080008000000000, 0x0080800000000000, 0x0080808000000000,
      0x8000000000000000, 0x8000008000000000, 0x8000800000000000, 0x8000808000000000,
      0x8080000000000000, 0x8080008000000000, 0x8080800000000000, 0x8080808000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000800000000, 0x0000080000000000, 0x0000080800000000,
      0x0008000000000000, 0x0008000800000000, 0x0008080000000000, 0x0008080800000000,
      0x0800000000000000, 0x0800000800000000, 0x0800080000000000, 0x0800080800000000,
      0x0808000000000000, 0x0808000800000000, 0x0808080000000000, 0x0808080800000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000080, 0x0000000000008000, 0x0000000000008080,
      0x0000000000800000, 0x0000000000800080, 0x0000000000808000, 0x0000000000808080,
      0x0000000080000000, 0x0000000080000080, 0x0000000080008000, 0x0000000080008080,
      0x0000000080800000, 0x0000000080800080, 0x0000000080808000, 0x0000000080808080, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000008, 0x0000000000000800, 0x0000000000000808,
      0x0000000000080000, 0x0000000000080008, 0x0000000000080800, 0x0000000000080808,
      0x0000000008000000, 0x0000000008000008, 0x0000000008000800, 0x0000000008000808,
      0x0000000008080000, 0x0000000008080008, 0x0000000008080800, 0x0000000008080808, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000001000000000, 0x0000100000000000, 0x0000101000000000,
      0x0010000000000000, 0x0010001000000000, 0x0010100000000000, 0x0010101000000000,
      0x1000000000000000, 0x1000001000000000, 0x1000100000000000, 0x1000101000000000,
      0x1010000000000000, 0x1010001000000000, 0x1010100000000000, 0x1010101000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000010000000000, 0x0000010100000000,
      0x0001000000000000, 0x0001000100000000, 0x0001010000000000, 0x0001010100000000,
      0x0100000000000000, 0x0100000100000000, 0x0100010000000000, 0x0100010100000000,
      0x0101000000000000, 0x0101000100000000, 0x0101010000000000, 0x0101010100000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000010, 0x0000000000001000, 0x0000000000001010,
      0x0000000000100000, 0x0000000000100010, 0x0000000000101000, 0x0000000000101010,
      0x0000000010000000, 0x0000000010000010, 0x0000000010001000, 0x0000000010001010,
      0x0000000010100000, 0x0000000010100010, 0x0000000010101000, 0x0000000010101010, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000001, 0x0000000000000100, 0x0000000000000101,
      0x0000000000010000, 0x0000000000010001, 0x0000000000010100, 0x0000000000010101,
      0x0000000001000000, 0x0000000001000001, 0x0000000001000100, 0x0000000001000101,
      0x0000000001010000, 0x0000000001010001, 0x0000000001010100, 0x0000000001010101, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000004000000000, 0x0000400000000000, 0x0000404000000000,
      0x0040000000000000, 0x0040004000000000, 0x0040400000000000, 0x0040404000000000,
      0x4000000000000000, 0x4000004000000000, 0x4000400000000000, 0x4000404000000000,
      0x4040000000000000, 0x4040004000000000, 0x4040400000000000, 0x4040404000000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000400000000, 0x0000040000000000, 0x0000040400000000,
      0x0004000000000000, 0x0004000400000000, 0x0004040000000000, 0x0004040400000000,
      0x0400000000000000, 0x0400000400000000, 0x0400040000000000, 0x0400040400000000,
      0x0404000000000000, 0x0404000400000000, 0x0404040000000000, 0x0404040400000000, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000040, 0x0000000000004000, 0x0000000000004040,
      0x0000000000400000, 0x0000000000400040, 0x0000000000404000, 0x0000000000404040,
      0x0000000040000000, 0x0000000040000040, 0x0000000040004000, 0x0000000040004040,
      0x0000000040400000, 0x0000000040400040, 0x0000000040404000, 0x0000000040404040, ),
    ( 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000004, 0x0000000000000400, 0x0000000000000404,
      0x0000000000040000, 0x0000000000040004, 0x0000000000040400, 0x0000000000040404,
      0x0000000004000000, 0x0000000004000004, 0x0000000004000400, 0x0000000004000404,
      0x0000000004040000, 0x0000000004040004, 0x0000000004040400, 0x0000000004040404, ),
    )
    #===================================================================
    # eof _load_tables()
    #===================================================================

#=============================================================================
# support
#=============================================================================

def _permute(c, p):
    """Returns the permutation of the given 32-bit or 64-bit code with
    the specified permutation table."""
    # NOTE: only difference between 32 & 64 bit permutations
    #       is that len(p)==8 for 32 bit, and len(p)==16 for 64 bit.
    out = 0
    for r in p:
        out |= r[c&0xf]
        c >>= 4
    return out

#=============================================================================
# packing & unpacking
#=============================================================================
_uint64_struct = struct.Struct(">Q")

_BNULL = b('\x00')

def _pack64(value):
    return _uint64_struct.pack(value)

def _unpack64(value):
    return _uint64_struct.unpack(value)[0]

def _pack56(value):
    return _uint64_struct.pack(value)[1:]

def _unpack56(value):
    return _uint64_struct.unpack(_BNULL+value)[0]

#=============================================================================
# 56->64 key manipulation
#=============================================================================

##def expand_7bit(value):
##    "expand 7-bit integer => 7-bits + 1 odd-parity bit"
##    # parity calc adapted from 32-bit even parity alg found at
##    # http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#ParityParallel
##    assert 0 <= value < 0x80, "value out of range"
##    return (value<<1) | (0x9669 >> ((value ^ (value >> 4)) & 0xf)) & 1

_EXPAND_ITER = irange(49,-7,-7)

def expand_des_key(key):
    "convert DES from 7 bytes to 8 bytes (by inserting empty parity bits)"
    if isinstance(key, bytes):
        if len(key) != 7:
            raise ValueError("key must be 7 bytes in size")
    elif isinstance(key, int_types):
        if key < 0 or key > INT_56_MASK:
            raise ValueError("key must be 56-bit non-negative integer")
        return _unpack64(expand_des_key(_pack56(key)))
    else:
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(key, "bytes or int", "key")
    key = _unpack56(key)
    # NOTE: the following would insert correctly-valued parity bits in each key,
    # but the parity bit would just be ignored in des_encrypt_block(),
    # so not bothering to use it.
    ##return join_byte_values(expand_7bit((key >> shift) & 0x7f)
    ##                        for shift in _EXPAND_ITER)
    return join_byte_values(((key>>shift) & 0x7f)<<1 for shift in _EXPAND_ITER)

def shrink_des_key(key):
    "convert DES key from 8 bytes to 7 bytes (by discarding the parity bits)"
    if isinstance(key, bytes):
        if len(key) != 8:
            raise ValueError("key must be 8 bytes in size")
        return _pack56(shrink_des_key(_unpack64(key)))
    elif isinstance(key, int_types):
        if key < 0 or key > INT_64_MASK:
            raise ValueError("key must be 64-bit non-negative integer")
    else:
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(key, "bytes or int", "key")
    key >>= 1
    result = 0
    offset = 0
    while offset < 56:
        result |= (key & 0x7f)<<offset
        key >>= 8
        offset += 7
    assert not (result & ~INT_64_MASK)
    return result

#=============================================================================
# des encryption
#=============================================================================
def des_encrypt_block(key, input, salt=0, rounds=1):
    """encrypt single block of data using DES, operates on 8-byte strings.

    :arg key:
        DES key as 7 byte string, or 8 byte string with parity bits
        (parity bit values are ignored).

    :arg input:
        plaintext block to encrypt, as 8 byte string.

    :arg salt:
        Optional 24-bit integer used to mutate the base DES algorithm in a
        manner specific to :class:`~passlib.hash.des_crypt` and it's variants.
        The default value ``0`` provides the normal (unsalted) DES behavior.
        The salt functions as follows:
        if the ``i``'th bit of ``salt`` is set,
        bits ``i`` and ``i+24`` are swapped in the DES E-box output.

    :arg rounds:
        Optional number of rounds of to apply the DES key schedule.
        the default (``rounds=1``) provides the normal DES behavior,
        but :class:`~passlib.hash.des_crypt` and it's variants use
        alternate rounds values.

    :raises TypeError: if any of the provided args are of the wrong type.
    :raises ValueError:
        if any of the input blocks are the wrong size,
        or the salt/rounds values are out of range.

    :returns:
        resulting 8-byte ciphertext block.
    """
    # validate & unpack key
    if isinstance(key, bytes):
        if len(key) == 7:
            key = expand_des_key(key)
        elif len(key) != 8:
            raise ValueError("key must be 7 or 8 bytes")
        key = _unpack64(key)
    else:
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(key, "bytes", "key")

    # validate & unpack input
    if isinstance(input, bytes):
        if len(input) != 8:
            raise ValueError("input block must be 8 bytes")
        input = _unpack64(input)
    else:
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(input, "bytes", "input")

    # hand things off to other func
    result = des_encrypt_int_block(key, input, salt, rounds)

    # repack result
    return _pack64(result)

def des_encrypt_int_block(key, input, salt=0, rounds=1):
    """encrypt single block of data using DES, operates on 64-bit integers.

    this function is essentially the same as :func:`des_encrypt_block`,
    except that it operates on integers, and will NOT automatically
    expand 56-bit keys if provided (since there's no way to detect them).

    :arg key:
        DES key as 64-bit integer (the parity bits are ignored).

    :arg input:
        input block as 64-bit integer

    :arg salt:
        optional 24-bit integer used to mutate the base DES algorithm.
        defaults to ``0`` (no mutation applied).

    :arg rounds:
        optional number of rounds of to apply the DES key schedule.
        defaults to ``1``.

    :raises TypeError: if any of the provided args are of the wrong type.
    :raises ValueError:
        if any of the input blocks are the wrong size,
        or the salt/rounds values are out of range.

    :returns:
        resulting ciphertext as 64-bit integer.
    """
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # input validation
    #---------------------------------------------------------------

    # validate salt, rounds
    if rounds < 1:
        raise ValueError("rounds must be positive integer")
    if salt < 0 or salt > INT_24_MASK:
        raise ValueError("salt must be 24-bit non-negative integer")

    # validate & unpack key
    if not isinstance(key, int_types):
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(key, "int", "key")
    elif key < 0 or key > INT_64_MASK:
        raise ValueError("key must be 64-bit non-negative integer")

    # validate & unpack input
    if not isinstance(input, int_types):
        raise exc.ExpectedTypeError(input, "int", "input")
    elif input < 0 or input > INT_64_MASK:
        raise ValueError("input must be 64-bit non-negative integer")

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # DES setup
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # load tables if not already done
    global SPE, PCXROT, IE3264, CF6464
    if PCXROT is None:
        _load_tables()

    # load SPE into local vars to speed things up and remove an array access call
    SPE0, SPE1, SPE2, SPE3, SPE4, SPE5, SPE6, SPE7 = SPE

    # NOTE: parity bits are ignored completely
    # (UTs do fuzz testing to ensure this)

    # generate key schedule
    # NOTE: generation was modified to output two elements at a time,
    # so that per-round loop could do two passes at once.
    def _iter_key_schedule(ks_odd):
        "given 64-bit key, iterates over the 8 (even,odd) key schedule pairs"
        for p_even, p_odd in PCXROT:
            ks_even = _permute(ks_odd, p_even)
            ks_odd = _permute(ks_even, p_odd)
            yield ks_even & _KS_MASK, ks_odd & _KS_MASK
    ks_list = list(_iter_key_schedule(key))

    # expand 24 bit salt -> 32 bit per des_crypt & bsdi_crypt
    salt = (
        ((salt & 0x00003f) << 26) |
        ((salt & 0x000fc0) << 12) |
        ((salt & 0x03f000) >> 2) |
        ((salt & 0xfc0000) >> 16)
        )

    # init L & R
    if input == 0:
        L = R = 0
    else:
        L = ((input >> 31) & 0xaaaaaaaa) | (input & 0x55555555)
        L = _permute(L, IE3264)

        R = ((input >> 32) & 0xaaaaaaaa) | ((input >> 1) & 0x55555555)
        R = _permute(R, IE3264)

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # main DES loop - run for specified number of rounds
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    while rounds:
        rounds -= 1

        # run over each part of the schedule, 2 parts at a time
        for ks_even, ks_odd in ks_list:
            k = ((R>>32) ^ R) & salt # use the salt to flip specific bits
            B = (k<<32) ^ k ^ R ^ ks_even

            L ^= (SPE0[(B>>58)&0x3f] ^ SPE1[(B>>50)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE2[(B>>42)&0x3f] ^ SPE3[(B>>34)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE4[(B>>26)&0x3f] ^ SPE5[(B>>18)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE6[(B>>10)&0x3f] ^ SPE7[(B>>2)&0x3f])

            k = ((L>>32) ^ L) & salt # use the salt to flip specific bits
            B = (k<<32) ^ k ^ L ^ ks_odd

            R ^= (SPE0[(B>>58)&0x3f] ^ SPE1[(B>>50)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE2[(B>>42)&0x3f] ^ SPE3[(B>>34)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE4[(B>>26)&0x3f] ^ SPE5[(B>>18)&0x3f] ^
                  SPE6[(B>>10)&0x3f] ^ SPE7[(B>>2)&0x3f])

        # swap L and R
        L, R = R, L

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # return final result
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    C = (
            ((L>>3) &  0x0f0f0f0f00000000)
            |
            ((L<<33) & 0xf0f0f0f000000000)
            |
            ((R>>35) & 0x000000000f0f0f0f)
            |
            ((R<<1) &  0x00000000f0f0f0f0)
        )
    return _permute(C, CF6464)

@deprecated_function(deprecated="1.6", removed="1.8",
                     replacement="des_encrypt_int_block()")
def mdes_encrypt_int_block(key, input, salt=0, rounds=1): # pragma: no cover -- deprecated & unused
    if isinstance(key, bytes):
        if len(key) == 7:
            key = expand_des_key(key)
        key = _unpack64(key)
    return des_encrypt_int_block(key, input, salt, rounds)

#=============================================================================
# eof
#=============================================================================