view MoinMoin/support/passlib/handlers/des_crypt.py @ 6133:a6283e189869 tip

fixup: remove nonexisting passlib.utils._blowfish this was removed by the passlib 1.7.1 upgrade.
author Thomas Waldmann <tw AT waldmann-edv DOT de>
date Thu, 01 Jun 2017 18:10:19 +0200
parents 7f0616feeae9
children
line wrap: on
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"""passlib.handlers.des_crypt - traditional unix (DES) crypt and variants"""
#=============================================================================
# imports
#=============================================================================
# core
import re
import logging; log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
from warnings import warn
# site
# pkg
from passlib.utils import safe_crypt, test_crypt, to_unicode
from passlib.utils.binary import h64, h64big
from passlib.utils.compat import byte_elem_value, u, uascii_to_str, unicode, suppress_cause
from passlib.crypto.des import des_encrypt_int_block
import passlib.utils.handlers as uh
# local
__all__ = [
    "des_crypt",
    "bsdi_crypt",
    "bigcrypt",
    "crypt16",
]

#=============================================================================
# pure-python backend for des_crypt family
#=============================================================================
_BNULL = b'\x00'

def _crypt_secret_to_key(secret):
    """convert secret to 64-bit DES key.

    this only uses the first 8 bytes of the secret,
    and discards the high 8th bit of each byte at that.
    a null parity bit is inserted after every 7th bit of the output.
    """
    # NOTE: this would set the parity bits correctly,
    #       but des_encrypt_int_block() would just ignore them...
    ##return sum(expand_7bit(byte_elem_value(c) & 0x7f) << (56-i*8)
    ##           for i, c in enumerate(secret[:8]))
    return sum((byte_elem_value(c) & 0x7f) << (57-i*8)
               for i, c in enumerate(secret[:8]))

def _raw_des_crypt(secret, salt):
    """pure-python backed for des_crypt"""
    assert len(salt) == 2

    # NOTE: some OSes will accept non-HASH64 characters in the salt,
    #       but what value they assign these characters varies wildy,
    #       so just rejecting them outright.
    #       the same goes for single-character salts...
    #       some OSes duplicate the char, some insert a '.' char,
    #       and openbsd does (something) which creates an invalid hash.
    salt_value = h64.decode_int12(salt)

    # gotta do something - no official policy since this predates unicode
    if isinstance(secret, unicode):
        secret = secret.encode("utf-8")
    assert isinstance(secret, bytes)

    # forbidding NULL char because underlying crypt() rejects them too.
    if _BNULL in secret:
        raise uh.exc.NullPasswordError(des_crypt)

    # convert first 8 bytes of secret string into an integer
    key_value = _crypt_secret_to_key(secret)

    # run data through des using input of 0
    result = des_encrypt_int_block(key_value, 0, salt_value, 25)

    # run h64 encode on result
    return h64big.encode_int64(result)

def _bsdi_secret_to_key(secret):
    """convert secret to DES key used by bsdi_crypt"""
    key_value = _crypt_secret_to_key(secret)
    idx = 8
    end = len(secret)
    while idx < end:
        next = idx + 8
        tmp_value = _crypt_secret_to_key(secret[idx:next])
        key_value = des_encrypt_int_block(key_value, key_value) ^ tmp_value
        idx = next
    return key_value

def _raw_bsdi_crypt(secret, rounds, salt):
    """pure-python backend for bsdi_crypt"""

    # decode salt
    salt_value = h64.decode_int24(salt)

    # gotta do something - no official policy since this predates unicode
    if isinstance(secret, unicode):
        secret = secret.encode("utf-8")
    assert isinstance(secret, bytes)

    # forbidding NULL char because underlying crypt() rejects them too.
    if _BNULL in secret:
        raise uh.exc.NullPasswordError(bsdi_crypt)

    # convert secret string into an integer
    key_value = _bsdi_secret_to_key(secret)

    # run data through des using input of 0
    result = des_encrypt_int_block(key_value, 0, salt_value, rounds)

    # run h64 encode on result
    return h64big.encode_int64(result)

#=============================================================================
# handlers
#=============================================================================
class des_crypt(uh.TruncateMixin, uh.HasManyBackends, uh.HasSalt, uh.GenericHandler):
    """This class implements the des-crypt password hash, and follows the :ref:`password-hash-api`.

    It supports a fixed-length salt.

    The :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.using` method accepts the following optional keywords:

    :type salt: str
    :param salt:
        Optional salt string.
        If not specified, one will be autogenerated (this is recommended).
        If specified, it must be 2 characters, drawn from the regexp range ``[./0-9A-Za-z]``.

    :param bool truncate_error:
        By default, des_crypt will silently truncate passwords larger than 8 bytes.
        Setting ``truncate_error=True`` will cause :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.hash`
        to raise a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasswordTruncateError` instead.

        .. versionadded:: 1.7

    :type relaxed: bool
    :param relaxed:
        By default, providing an invalid value for one of the other
        keywords will result in a :exc:`ValueError`. If ``relaxed=True``,
        and the error can be corrected, a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasslibHashWarning`
        will be issued instead. Correctable errors include
        ``salt`` strings that are too long.

        .. versionadded:: 1.6
    """
    #===================================================================
    # class attrs
    #===================================================================

    #--------------------
    # PasswordHash
    #--------------------
    name = "des_crypt"
    setting_kwds = ("salt", "truncate_error")

    #--------------------
    # GenericHandler
    #--------------------
    checksum_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS
    checksum_size = 11

    #--------------------
    # HasSalt
    #--------------------
    min_salt_size = max_salt_size = 2
    salt_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #--------------------
    # TruncateMixin
    #--------------------
    truncate_size = 8

    #===================================================================
    # formatting
    #===================================================================
    # FORMAT: 2 chars of H64-encoded salt + 11 chars of H64-encoded checksum

    _hash_regex = re.compile(u(r"""
        ^
        (?P<salt>[./a-z0-9]{2})
        (?P<chk>[./a-z0-9]{11})?
        $"""), re.X|re.I)

    @classmethod
    def from_string(cls, hash):
        hash = to_unicode(hash, "ascii", "hash")
        salt, chk = hash[:2], hash[2:]
        return cls(salt=salt, checksum=chk or None)

    def to_string(self):
        hash = u("%s%s") % (self.salt, self.checksum)
        return uascii_to_str(hash)

    #===================================================================
    # digest calculation
    #===================================================================
    def _calc_checksum(self, secret):
        # check for truncation (during .hash() calls only)
        if self.use_defaults:
            self._check_truncate_policy(secret)

        return self._calc_checksum_backend(secret)

    #===================================================================
    # backend
    #===================================================================
    backends = ("os_crypt", "builtin")

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # os_crypt backend
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    @classmethod
    def _load_backend_os_crypt(cls):
        if test_crypt("test", 'abgOeLfPimXQo'):
            cls._set_calc_checksum_backend(cls._calc_checksum_os_crypt)
            return True
        else:
            return False

    def _calc_checksum_os_crypt(self, secret):
        # NOTE: we let safe_crypt() encode unicode secret -> utf8;
        #       no official policy since des-crypt predates unicode
        hash = safe_crypt(secret, self.salt)
        if hash:
            assert hash.startswith(self.salt) and len(hash) == 13
            return hash[2:]
        else:
            # py3's crypt.crypt() can't handle non-utf8 bytes.
            # fallback to builtin alg, which is always available.
            return self._calc_checksum_builtin(secret)

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # builtin backend
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    @classmethod
    def _load_backend_builtin(cls):
        cls._set_calc_checksum_backend(cls._calc_checksum_builtin)
        return True

    def _calc_checksum_builtin(self, secret):
        return _raw_des_crypt(secret, self.salt.encode("ascii")).decode("ascii")

    #===================================================================
    # eoc
    #===================================================================

class bsdi_crypt(uh.HasManyBackends, uh.HasRounds, uh.HasSalt, uh.GenericHandler):
    """This class implements the BSDi-Crypt password hash, and follows the :ref:`password-hash-api`.

    It supports a fixed-length salt, and a variable number of rounds.

    The :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.using` method accepts the following optional keywords:

    :type salt: str
    :param salt:
        Optional salt string.
        If not specified, one will be autogenerated (this is recommended).
        If specified, it must be 4 characters, drawn from the regexp range ``[./0-9A-Za-z]``.

    :type rounds: int
    :param rounds:
        Optional number of rounds to use.
        Defaults to 5001, must be between 1 and 16777215, inclusive.

    :type relaxed: bool
    :param relaxed:
        By default, providing an invalid value for one of the other
        keywords will result in a :exc:`ValueError`. If ``relaxed=True``,
        and the error can be corrected, a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasslibHashWarning`
        will be issued instead. Correctable errors include ``rounds``
        that are too small or too large, and ``salt`` strings that are too long.

        .. versionadded:: 1.6

    .. versionchanged:: 1.6
        :meth:`hash` will now issue a warning if an even number of rounds is used
        (see :ref:`bsdi-crypt-security-issues` regarding weak DES keys).
    """
    #===================================================================
    # class attrs
    #===================================================================
    #--GenericHandler--
    name = "bsdi_crypt"
    setting_kwds = ("salt", "rounds")
    checksum_size = 11
    checksum_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #--HasSalt--
    min_salt_size = max_salt_size = 4
    salt_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #--HasRounds--
    default_rounds = 5001
    min_rounds = 1
    max_rounds = 16777215 # (1<<24)-1
    rounds_cost = "linear"

    # NOTE: OpenBSD login.conf reports 7250 as minimum allowed rounds,
    # but that seems to be an OS policy, not a algorithm limitation.

    #===================================================================
    # parsing
    #===================================================================
    _hash_regex = re.compile(u(r"""
        ^
        _
        (?P<rounds>[./a-z0-9]{4})
        (?P<salt>[./a-z0-9]{4})
        (?P<chk>[./a-z0-9]{11})?
        $"""), re.X|re.I)

    @classmethod
    def from_string(cls, hash):
        hash = to_unicode(hash, "ascii", "hash")
        m = cls._hash_regex.match(hash)
        if not m:
            raise uh.exc.InvalidHashError(cls)
        rounds, salt, chk = m.group("rounds", "salt", "chk")
        return cls(
            rounds=h64.decode_int24(rounds.encode("ascii")),
            salt=salt,
            checksum=chk,
        )

    def to_string(self):
        hash = u("_%s%s%s") % (h64.encode_int24(self.rounds).decode("ascii"),
                               self.salt, self.checksum)
        return uascii_to_str(hash)

    #===================================================================
    # validation
    #===================================================================

    # NOTE: keeping this flag for admin/choose_rounds.py script.
    #       want to eventually expose rounds logic to that script in better way.
    _avoid_even_rounds = True

    @classmethod
    def using(cls, **kwds):
        subcls = super(bsdi_crypt, cls).using(**kwds)
        if not subcls.default_rounds & 1:
            # issue warning if caller set an even 'rounds' value.
            warn("bsdi_crypt rounds should be odd, as even rounds may reveal weak DES keys",
                 uh.exc.PasslibSecurityWarning)
        return subcls

    @classmethod
    def _generate_rounds(cls):
        rounds = super(bsdi_crypt, cls)._generate_rounds()
        # ensure autogenerated rounds are always odd
        # NOTE: doing this even for default_rounds so needs_update() doesn't get
        #       caught in a loop.
        # FIXME: this technically might generate a rounds value 1 larger
        # than the requested upper bound - but better to err on side of safety.
        return rounds|1

    #===================================================================
    # migration
    #===================================================================

    def _calc_needs_update(self, **kwds):
        # mark bsdi_crypt hashes as deprecated if they have even rounds.
        if not self.rounds & 1:
            return True
        # hand off to base implementation
        return super(bsdi_crypt, self)._calc_needs_update(**kwds)

    #===================================================================
    # backends
    #===================================================================
    backends = ("os_crypt", "builtin")

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # os_crypt backend
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    @classmethod
    def _load_backend_os_crypt(cls):
        if test_crypt("test", '_/...lLDAxARksGCHin.'):
            cls._set_calc_checksum_backend(cls._calc_checksum_os_crypt)
            return True
        else:
            return False

    def _calc_checksum_os_crypt(self, secret):
        config = self.to_string()
        hash = safe_crypt(secret, config)
        if hash:
            assert hash.startswith(config[:9]) and len(hash) == 20
            return hash[-11:]
        else:
            # py3's crypt.crypt() can't handle non-utf8 bytes.
            # fallback to builtin alg, which is always available.
            return self._calc_checksum_builtin(secret)

    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    # builtin backend
    #---------------------------------------------------------------
    @classmethod
    def _load_backend_builtin(cls):
        cls._set_calc_checksum_backend(cls._calc_checksum_builtin)
        return True

    def _calc_checksum_builtin(self, secret):
        return _raw_bsdi_crypt(secret, self.rounds, self.salt.encode("ascii")).decode("ascii")

    #===================================================================
    # eoc
    #===================================================================

class bigcrypt(uh.HasSalt, uh.GenericHandler):
    """This class implements the BigCrypt password hash, and follows the :ref:`password-hash-api`.

    It supports a fixed-length salt.

    The :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.using` method accepts the following optional keywords:

    :type salt: str
    :param salt:
        Optional salt string.
        If not specified, one will be autogenerated (this is recommended).
        If specified, it must be 22 characters, drawn from the regexp range ``[./0-9A-Za-z]``.

    :type relaxed: bool
    :param relaxed:
        By default, providing an invalid value for one of the other
        keywords will result in a :exc:`ValueError`. If ``relaxed=True``,
        and the error can be corrected, a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasslibHashWarning`
        will be issued instead. Correctable errors include
        ``salt`` strings that are too long.

        .. versionadded:: 1.6
    """
    #===================================================================
    # class attrs
    #===================================================================
    #--GenericHandler--
    name = "bigcrypt"
    setting_kwds = ("salt",)
    checksum_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS
    # NOTE: checksum chars must be multiple of 11

    #--HasSalt--
    min_salt_size = max_salt_size = 2
    salt_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #===================================================================
    # internal helpers
    #===================================================================
    _hash_regex = re.compile(u(r"""
        ^
        (?P<salt>[./a-z0-9]{2})
        (?P<chk>([./a-z0-9]{11})+)?
        $"""), re.X|re.I)

    @classmethod
    def from_string(cls, hash):
        hash = to_unicode(hash, "ascii", "hash")
        m = cls._hash_regex.match(hash)
        if not m:
            raise uh.exc.InvalidHashError(cls)
        salt, chk = m.group("salt", "chk")
        return cls(salt=salt, checksum=chk)

    def to_string(self):
        hash = u("%s%s") % (self.salt, self.checksum)
        return uascii_to_str(hash)

    def _norm_checksum(self, checksum, relaxed=False):
        checksum = super(bigcrypt, self)._norm_checksum(checksum, relaxed=relaxed)
        if len(checksum) % 11:
            raise uh.exc.InvalidHashError(self)
        return checksum

    #===================================================================
    # backend
    #===================================================================
    def _calc_checksum(self, secret):
        if isinstance(secret, unicode):
            secret = secret.encode("utf-8")
        chk = _raw_des_crypt(secret, self.salt.encode("ascii"))
        idx = 8
        end = len(secret)
        while idx < end:
            next = idx + 8
            chk += _raw_des_crypt(secret[idx:next], chk[-11:-9])
            idx = next
        return chk.decode("ascii")

    #===================================================================
    # eoc
    #===================================================================

class crypt16(uh.TruncateMixin, uh.HasSalt, uh.GenericHandler):
    """This class implements the crypt16 password hash, and follows the :ref:`password-hash-api`.

    It supports a fixed-length salt.

    The :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.using` method accepts the following optional keywords:

    :type salt: str
    :param salt:
        Optional salt string.
        If not specified, one will be autogenerated (this is recommended).
        If specified, it must be 2 characters, drawn from the regexp range ``[./0-9A-Za-z]``.

    :param bool truncate_error:
        By default, crypt16 will silently truncate passwords larger than 16 bytes.
        Setting ``truncate_error=True`` will cause :meth:`~passlib.ifc.PasswordHash.hash`
        to raise a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasswordTruncateError` instead.

        .. versionadded:: 1.7

    :type relaxed: bool
    :param relaxed:
        By default, providing an invalid value for one of the other
        keywords will result in a :exc:`ValueError`. If ``relaxed=True``,
        and the error can be corrected, a :exc:`~passlib.exc.PasslibHashWarning`
        will be issued instead. Correctable errors include
        ``salt`` strings that are too long.

        .. versionadded:: 1.6
    """
    #===================================================================
    # class attrs
    #===================================================================

    #--------------------
    # PasswordHash
    #--------------------
    name = "crypt16"
    setting_kwds = ("salt", "truncate_error")

    #--------------------
    # GenericHandler
    #--------------------
    checksum_size = 22
    checksum_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #--------------------
    # HasSalt
    #--------------------
    min_salt_size = max_salt_size = 2
    salt_chars = uh.HASH64_CHARS

    #--------------------
    # TruncateMixin
    #--------------------
    truncate_size = 16

    #===================================================================
    # internal helpers
    #===================================================================
    _hash_regex = re.compile(u(r"""
        ^
        (?P<salt>[./a-z0-9]{2})
        (?P<chk>[./a-z0-9]{22})?
        $"""), re.X|re.I)

    @classmethod
    def from_string(cls, hash):
        hash = to_unicode(hash, "ascii", "hash")
        m = cls._hash_regex.match(hash)
        if not m:
            raise uh.exc.InvalidHashError(cls)
        salt, chk = m.group("salt", "chk")
        return cls(salt=salt, checksum=chk)

    def to_string(self):
        hash = u("%s%s") % (self.salt, self.checksum)
        return uascii_to_str(hash)

    #===================================================================
    # backend
    #===================================================================
    def _calc_checksum(self, secret):
        if isinstance(secret, unicode):
            secret = secret.encode("utf-8")

        # check for truncation (during .hash() calls only)
        if self.use_defaults:
            self._check_truncate_policy(secret)

        # parse salt value
        try:
            salt_value = h64.decode_int12(self.salt.encode("ascii"))
        except ValueError: # pragma: no cover - caught by class
            raise suppress_cause(ValueError("invalid chars in salt"))

        # convert first 8 byts of secret string into an integer,
        key1 = _crypt_secret_to_key(secret)

        # run data through des using input of 0
        result1 = des_encrypt_int_block(key1, 0, salt_value, 20)

        # convert next 8 bytes of secret string into integer (key=0 if secret < 8 chars)
        key2 = _crypt_secret_to_key(secret[8:16])

        # run data through des using input of 0
        result2 = des_encrypt_int_block(key2, 0, salt_value, 5)

        # done
        chk = h64big.encode_int64(result1) + h64big.encode_int64(result2)
        return chk.decode("ascii")

    #===================================================================
    # eoc
    #===================================================================

#=============================================================================
# eof
#=============================================================================